Meeting local needs for training, technical assistance, and research in transportation

General Resources

Kansas LTAP Poster Series
  • Do Not Be an Impaired Driver - Poster A poster appropriate for display in local public works or rural transit break rooms. It reminds drivers of the hazards of impaired driving, including drowsy driving.
  • Flagger Poster A poster having information for Flaggers.
Pavement Safety Edge
  • Pavement Safety Edge: Reports from the Field Profiles those experiences of using the LTAP loaner shoe and share lessons learned. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • The Safety Edge is Gaining Ground LTAP Centers across the country are helping meet the national goal to increase the use of the Safety Edge on state and local roads,through a variety of ways, including workshops, paving demonstrations, safety edge "shoe" (attachment) loan programs, and education. This fact sheet will describe in more detail why the Safety Edge is considered a more effective technology than other methods for creating an angled edge, and how to start using the technology on your paving projects. Kansas LTAP has also obtained two Safety Edge shoes for loan. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • KS US 36 East of Norton: Comparison of Ramp Champ and KDOT Standard Wedge Presentation of the Pavement Safety Edge Shoe utilization on US36 in Fall 2011. Powerpoint provided by Travis Scott, KDOT District 3.
  • The Safety Edge A brochure that describes and illustrates how to create a recoverable safety edge on pavement edges. FHWA, 2005
Background to KS storm water program
  • Background to KS storm water program Provides background information on Kansas storm water regulations related to road and bridge operations. Companion piece to article in KUTC Newsletter, Fall 2008 issue, on the topic.
Paving Guides
  • The Many Benefits of Warm Mix Asphalt You've heard of cold mix and warm mix. Now the advantages of both have been combined ... in warm mix. This fact sheet provides information about why FHWA is promoting this technology and some examples of its use in Kansas. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Paving Guide Helps road departments make an informed decision about when to pave a gravel road.
K-TRAN Research Reports
  • K-TRAN Research Reports The KDOT Research Reports Online Catalog. Type "K-TRAN" in the search window, and click on "Search." A listing of K-TRAN reports completed by KU or KSU researchers under KDOT sponsorship will be listed, with a link to the full research report.
Geo-Synthetics for Stream Crossings and Channel Stabilization
Traffic Safety
  • Guidelines for Traffic Control in Work Zones This Ohio handbook summarizes some guidelines listed in the OMUTCD. It is directed to state and local government road and street departments, utilities, companies performing construction by permit, and any other entity providing maintenance or construction on a public roadway. It contains basic principles, a description of the standard traffic control devices used in work areas, guidelines for the application of the devices, and typical application diagrams. This handbook gives the basic principles and provides examples for the design, application, installation, and maintenance of the various types of traffic control devices used in temporary traffic control or for incident management.
  • FHWA Tri-fold Brochure. Sign Retroreflectivity Requirements: An Overview. 2013.
  • FHWA Fact Sheet: Maintaining Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity Shows the revised deadline for implementing a sign assessment or management system, and provides guidance in how to implement one. (2013)

Roads and Bridges Technical Assistance

Infrastructure Management
GRS-IBS Resources
  • GRS-IBS Resource Page A resource page with links to essential information about GRS-IBS technologies including presentations, videos, a Kansas LTAP fact sheet and report on a Kansas-based peer exchange in 2013.
  • Sample Guide Specifications for Construction of Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil-Integrated Bridge System (GRS-IBS)_ This guide was issued to provide guidelines for construction of the geosynthetic reinforced soilintegrated bridge system (GRS-IBS). Refer to Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Integrated Bridge System Interim Implementation Guide for GRS-IBS design and construction guidelines.(1) This guide serves as the technical basis for agency-developed standard specifications. Local experience and practice shall be incorporated as applicable.
  • GRS-IBS Interim Implementation Guide This manual outlines the state�of�the�art and recommended practice for designing and constructing Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil (GRS) technology for the application of the Integrated Bridge System (IBS). The procedures presented in this manual are based on 40 years of State and Federal research focused on GRS technology as applied to abutments and walls. This manual was developed to serve as the first in a two�part series aimed at providing engineers with the necessary background knowledge of GRS technology and its fundamental characteristics as an alternative to other construction methods. The manual presents step�by�step guidance on the design of GRS�IBS. Analytical and empirical design methodologies in both the Allowable Stress Design (ASD) and Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) formats are provided. Material specifications for standard GRS�IBS are also provided. Detailed construction guidance is presented along with methods for the inspection, performance monitoring, maintenance, and repair of GRS�IBS. Quality assurance and quality control procedures are also covered in this manual.
  • Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil-Integrated Bridge System (GRS-IBS) Video This video illustrates how to build the Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil-Integrated Bridge System (GRS-IBS). It is intended to educate designers, engineers, contractors and inspectors on the fundamentals of the GRS-IBS. Included in the 19 minute video is an explanation of GRS and its history of development; interviews with designers, owners and construction personnel; narrated video footage to explain the construction of the three main components ◦reinforced soil foundation; abutment; integrated approach; and time lapse photography to show the speed of construction.
Rural Road Safety
Funding and Finance
  • KDOT Launches New Fund Exchange Fewer strings attached... much more local control... what�s not to love? A 2-page article from the Fall 2010 Kansas LTAP Newsletter with details on the KDOT Federal Fund Exchange Program.
  • KDOT Federal Fund Exchange Program Guidelines The federal fund exchange program is a voluntary program that allows a local public agency (LPA) to trade all or a portion of its federal fund allocations in a specific federal fiscal year with the Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT) in exchange for state transportation dollars or with another LPA in exchange for their local funds. This four-page document provides the guidelines for the program.
  • Economic Impact of Closing Low-Volume Rural Bridges A basic framework for discussion between commissioners and engineers in determining if a rural county network of roads and bridges could obtain a cost benefit from being reduced.
Human Resources
Management
  • Toolbox for Kansas Road Officials This toolbox provides a one-stop location for basic information needed by road officials in Kansas including road maintenance, drainage, traffic signs, work zones, sight distances and other.
  • Kansas Local Road Management Handbook: A guide for Kansas county road and bridge officials. 2015 The 2015 edition of the Kansas Local Road Management Handbook (46 pages) is now available for download. This handbook was developed for new road supervisors and county engineers. This guide emphasizes administrative issues, laws, rules and regulations that a road supervisor needs to understand. Produced by Kansas LTAP.
  • Guide for Accommodating Utilities within Righ-of-Way Guide for Accommodating Utilities within Right-of-Way for Counties & Small Cities in Kansas is a new guide produced by Kansas LTAP that examines current issues and practices in Kansas and provide general recommendations that cities and counties can use to manage their right-of-way in the best interest of the traveling public, public agencies and the utilities.

LTAP Fact Sheets

Infrastructure Management and Maintenance Fact Sheets
  • Another Bridge Saved! This article has to do with another Saline County bridge and what we did to strengthen it and extend its useful life. KANSAS LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
  • Sometimes Old Bridges Can Be Strengthened! This fact sheet provides an example of how an old bridge was strengthened rather than replaced Saline County. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Maintaining Sand and Gravel Roads: Tips and techniques A new fact sheet written by Norm Bowers and Claire Schrock provide tips in this fact sheet for proper maintenance to reduce costs and produce a smoother and safer sand/gravel road. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Maintaining Crushed Rock Roads Tips and techniques This fact sheet provides tips and techniques to properly maintain a rock road. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Alteration or Maintenance? Guidance in the Requirement to Add Curb Ramps This article is adapted from a memo from the Department of Transportation and the Department of Justice about the requirement to provide curb ramps. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Considerations for Restoring Historic Bridges Describes criteria and considerations for restoration, financial assistance available for restoration, and highlights a bridge restoration project in Wichita. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • Railroad Crossing Maintenance: Who’s Responsible for What? This article contains information you need to know to avoid safety and liability problems for your city, county or township. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • Low Water Crossings — Build Them Right A low water stream crossing (LWSC) can be a low cost and viable alternative to a culvert or bridge, in some cases. LWSCs are particularly suitable for low volume roads across streams where the normal volume of flow is relatively low. This fact sheet describes that may be helpful to you in designing and signing your low water crossings. LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • Alternatives to Curb and Gutter on Streets: Benefits and Challenges Provides some information and perspective from stormwater managers who have seen such projects in their own communities, and things to think about as you consider alternative approaches. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • New Guide on Sustainable Concrete The 114-page guide covers the topic of sustainable concrete in a well-organized and easy-to-read manner. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Safety Edge: Reports from the Field Profiles those experiences of using the LTAP loaner shoe and share lessons learned. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Center Line Rumble Strips Describes research on center line rumble strips, including research conducted in Kansas, and potential advantages and disadvantages of using the strips. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • ROW Acquisition Using Local Only Funds Provides a tutorial from the Kansas Association of Counties for acquiring right-of-way for projects that are not federally funded. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Experiences with Roller Compacted Concrete in Kansas Profiles a few roller compacted concrete (RCC) projects on public roads in Kansas, describes elements of a successful RCC project and introduces key resources for further information. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Re-Purposing Railroad Cars as Culverts Provides a snapshot for how to install a railroad tank car culvert, along with the advantages and disadvantages of using this type of drainage system. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Pavement Treatments Tried in Sedgwick County Provides examples from the Sedgwick County�s pavement preservation program to help extend the service life of asphalt roads. The program consists of a series of preventive maintenance treatments and minor rehabilitations. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • GRS-IBS: A Strong and Economical Design This article will give an overview of the GRS-IBS method and summarize thoughts about the technology from local agencies that have either implemented or are considering the technique. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Cracking Down on Crumbling Concrete Describes how some communities are spec’ing their concrete to head off these problems. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • When You Just Have to Close Some Bridges This article will highlight a proactive and systematic way Saline County has been addressing those practical, economic and political considerations. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Bottomless Culverts Worth a Look This article will explain the benefits of building a bottomless culvert as well as some solutions to potential scour at these structures. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Local Requirements for ADA Compliance This article will provide a brief overview of requirements for ADA compliance for public entities, and guidance on working with advisory boards. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • The Many Benefits of Warm Mix Asphalt You�ve heard of cold mix and warm mix. Now the advantages of both have been combined ... in warm mix. This fact sheet provides information about why FHWA is promoting this technology and some examples of its use in Kansas. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • The Safety Edge is Gaining Ground LTAP Centers across the country are helping meet the national goal to increase the use of the Safety Edge on state and local roads, through a variety of ways, including workshops, paving demonstrations, safety edge �shoe� (attachment) loan programs, and education. This fact sheet will describe in more detail why the Safety Edge is considered a more effective technology than other methods for creating an angled edge, and how to start using the technology on your paving projects. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Save Electricity with LED Streetlights Explains how LEDs work, the costs and benefits of making the switch to LEDs, and how LED lighting contributes to sustainability. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Asphalt Recycling on the Rise Describes benefits of using reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and its use in Kansas. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Tips From Local Agencies For Acquiring ROW Provides some useful advice from local government officials for acquiring right-of-way for a project that uses state or federal funds. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Tips for Effective Sign Maintenance Provides helpful tips for field maintenance and repair of traffic signs. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Getting Serious About Maintenance of the Right-of-Way Steps taken by the city of De Soto to develop a right-of-way maintenance policy, and ROW by individual property owners. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Should You Buy a Retroreflectometer? Provides pros and cons of purchasing a retroreflectometer. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Taking Charge of the Process Describes Miami County�s experience in managing signs, complying with standards, and documenting their work. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Keeping it Simple in Eudora The City of Eudora has implemented a simple pavement management approach that might be a useful approach for other small communities. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Using Rock Reclamation Blades Facing the challenges, the road and bridge crews in Northeast Kansas in 2008, started hauling rock immediately to take care of the most serious problems. Kansas LTAP 2009 Fact Sheet.
  • Road Drainage Complaints and You This article covers some of the complicated issues of road drainage. Kansas LTAP 2009 Fact Sheet.
  • Just Add Water Pre-wetting your salt can save money by making the salt go farther. Kansas LTAP 2009 Fact Sheet.
  • What Makes a "Good" Road? The "ten commandments" for building a road that will make it a good investment for your community. Kansas LTAP 2009 Fact Sheet.
  • Geogrid Question? Here are Some Answers Here are some questions regarding the use of geotextiles and geogrid and some answers from an interview with Dr. Jie Han. Kansas LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
Roadway Safety Fact Sheets
  • How to Address Roadside Hazards This article will help local agencies identify fixed-objects along the roadside that are considered potential hazards, and offer a number of suggestions to reduce the frequency and/or severity of the road departure crashes. Kansas LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
  • Cones Sound a Warning of Work Zone Intrusion This article will describe how intrusion alarms work,and report on research conducted in Kansas that compared two of the available models. Kansas LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
  • Wayfinding for bicycle routes This article will review recommendations associated with bike route wayfinding and suggest where to go for additional information. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Which Type of Traffic Control is Needed at This Intersection, if Any? This article outlines the considerations for installing different types of traffic control (or no control) on local roads for optimal traffic safety. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Hybrid Beacons Help Pedestrians Feel Safer When Crossing the Street This fact sheet describes how hybrid beacons work and where they are especially effective. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Pedestrian Safety Issues in School Zones This article highlights some of the safety concerns common in school zones provided in a recent Webinar on the topic hosted by the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • City of Andover Takes Proactive Approach to Reducing Crashes Andover’s Traffic Safety Committee gets the right people in the room, on a regular basis, to talk about traffic safety, with the right data and tools, to develop solutions together. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Watch Your Back! You Could Hit Someone Covers basic steps in backing-up safety and provides information on a new safety video produced by KDOT that will definitely make an impression on any road crew. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • What Are Human Factors and How Do They Affect Roadway Safety? This article is a brief introduction to the topic of incorporating human factors in roadway design and where to find more detailed information. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • High Friction Treatments Are Gaining Traction Introduces readers to high friction surface treatments (HFSTs) and describes how they are being used in Kansas to date. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • Traffic-Activated Signs Flash a Warning About Approaching Cross Traffic The Through-Activated system is designed to reduce right-angle collisions and create safer stop-controlled intersections. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Signs Go Up in Douglas County... and Crashes Go Down Reviews the results of the effectiveness of the RSA-suggested treatments at those test sites. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Guides for Providing Accessibility: MUTCD and ADAAG Highlights revisions to the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices and provide some examples of municipalities in Kansas working through these new requirements�and others of the ADA. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Steps for Adding or Removing Traffic Control Devices Regarding adding or removing a traffic control device, this article will answer questions such as what steps do you take? Who do you contact? Are there regulations that you must follow? Can you make this decision if you are not an engineer? What federal and state manuals say, and advice from practitioners. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Are Special Event Pavement Markings Pavement markings that are used to denote a special event route can bring visual clutter to the streets if the markings are not removed immediately after the event. This can even interfere with traffic control markings. This article provides some suggestion for management. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • The When, Where and How of Mid-Block Crosswalks Provides various crosswalk recommendations to create a safer, more visible and more direct route for the pedestrian. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Local Crash Data: The How-To Guide Focuses on how local transportation professionals can obtain, analyze, and utilize crash data and crash report in Kansas. This information is useful to anyone seeking to improve the safety of Kansas public roads. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
  • Setting a Speed Limit: How it�s Done Setting a speed limit to reflect a reasonable speed according to safety, engineering, and majority rule. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • How to Provide Proper Sight Distance at Curves Regular procedures used to measure stopping sight distance and cutting vegetation accordingly to improve safety.Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Let Me Count the Ways Provides different options for assessing retroreflectivity and helps you make your best choices. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Complete Streets Address the "Complete Picture" Provides helpful tips and community profiles on designing streets to meet the needs of all users and offers a flexible planning process to suit each situation. Kansas LTAP 2010 Fact Sheet.
  • Traffic Safety Primer for Local Elected Officials This article for elected officials working outside their �comfort zones� covers factors that may contribute to the number of crashes on local roads, that influence the number of crashes on all roads, and working with engineers. Kansas LTAP 2009 Fact Sheet.
  • Good Gravel Roads The proper construction and maintenance of a good gravel road. Kansas LTAP 2009 Fact Sheet.
  • Smarter, Safer Roadways: Road Diets for Rural Communities This article addresses pros and cons of road diet projects, feasibility, and community benefits to give local governments the necessary information to determine if road diets, or the underlying concepts, have a place in their communities. Kansas LTAP 2016 Fact Sheet.
Worker/Workplace Safety Fact Sheets
  • Safety Tips for Trench Digging Trench safety is a complex topic involving engineering, training, proper use of the trench, and proper operations around the trench. This article highlights key elements of OSHAs trenching and excavation standard, shows ways to protect against cave-ins, and describes practices for safety. Kansas LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
  • Tailgate Hoist/Rack Saves Time (and it is Safer) Douglas County, KS., public works employees built a simple tailgate storage rack with a swinging boom and chain hoist to lift tailgates off trucks to install sanders on the truck beds before a snow event. The rack stores the tailgates vertically and the hoist helps move the tailgates around. Kansas LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
  • Consistent Signing in Work Zones = Consistent Driver Expectancy Signs in a work zone communicate to drivers what actions they are supposed to take. They also alert drivers to workers in the area. With those benefits, are work zone signs ever a bad thing? The answer is yes, if the signs indicate workers are in the area, but they are not. This article explains why. . Kansas LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
  • Butler County’s Worker Safety Culture Has One Goal: Get Them Home Safely A cultural shift toward greater worker safety is saving the county hundreds of thousands of dollars due to fewer injuries and claims. Kansas LTAP 2015 Fact Sheet.
  • Temporary Rumble Strips Help Workers Feel Safer This article will describe the types of temporary rumble strips used and spec’d by KDOT, and what to consider when purchasing temporary rumble strips for particular situations. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Safety Problems Using Heavy Equipment Larry Wilson provides advice about efficient operations and worker safety when performing or supervising heavy equipment operations. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Flagger Training and Certification: What’s Required in Kansas? This article provides a refresher on the regulations or guidelines that pertain to flaggers working for cities, counties and townships in Kansas, and information on where to find flagger training. Kansas LTAP 2014 Fact Sheet.
  • Shift Gears, Not Loads: Secure Your Loads Seeks to inform readers about cargo securement regulations at the state and federal levels, what they cover in general, why they are important to your agency, and where to go for more information and training. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • Safety or Liability? It�s Your Call Describes the basic tasks an agency must consider for setting up traffic control during maintenance operations, and points you toward some helpful resources for more information. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • Watch Your Back! You Could Hit Someone Covers basic steps in backing-up safety and provides information on a new safety video produced by KDOT that will definitely make an impression on any road crew. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • When it Comes to Mowing, Be Safe Out There Provides helpful tips regarding mowing safety and make the mower unit highly visible to drivers. Kansas LTAP 2013 Fact Sheet.
  • Lessons Learned From a DOL Inspection Provides some lessons learned from Riley County Public Works� voluntary safety inspection by the Department of Labor. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Before You Use that Chainsaw This fact sheet provides some important chainsaw safety and maintenance tips. Kansas LTAP 2012 Fact Sheet.
  • Job-Simulation Tests in Pre-employment Kansas LTAP Fact Sheet: Physicals Help Cut Workers Comp Claims Describes a new program requiring prospective employees for a physically-demanding positions to pass a modified physical exam. Kansas LTAP 2011 Fact Sheet.
Administration and Management Fact Sheets

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